Who is a child with a disability?
A child with a disability is a child who needs special education and related services. The child must be at least 3 years old, but not yet 21, and not yet graduated from high school. The term includes a person who becomes 21 during the school term for the remainder of the school term (the last day pupils attend in a school year, other than summer classes). The law has criteria for each category below to help IEP teams decide if a child has a disability.
- Cognitive disabilities (CD) / Intellectual disabilities (ID)
- Hearing impairments (HI)
- Speech or language impairments (SL)
- Visual impairments (VI)
- Emotional behavioral disability (EBD)
- Orthopedic impairments (OI)
- Traumatic brain injury (TBI)
- Other health impairments (OHI)
- Specific learning disabilities (SLD)
- Significant developmental delay (SDD)